BET(H)-ARABAH (modern Bet ha-Aravah) (Heb. בֵּית הָעֲרָבָה; "House of the Steppe"), place in southern Ereẓ Israel, in the Jericho Desert of the Lower Jordan Valley. The ancient name is preserved in ʿAyn al-Gharaba, southeast of Jericho near the Jordan River, but no corroborative archaeological remains have been thus far discovered in the vicinity. According to the Bible it belonged to the tribe of Judah on the border of Benjamin (Josh. 15:61; 18:22). More recently it was a kibbutz situated 1,235 ft. (380 m.) below sea level, 1.8 mi. (3 km.) north of the Jordan mouth of the Dead Sea. It was founded on Oct. 8, 1939, by a group of the Maḥanot ha-Olim youth movement and young immigrants from Germany and other Central European countries, on land of the Palestine Potash Company. Bet ha-Aravah was affiliated with Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad. The kibbutz succeeded in sweeping its extremely saline soil with fresh Jordan water, making it capable of producing abundant farm crops. The land thus won yielded out-of-season vegetables, fruit, fodder, and other farm products. Carp ponds were also installed. A number of members worked in the potash plant. Members of the kibbutz cultivated friendly relations with the Arab inhabitants of Jericho and even with the nearby villages of Transjordan. Bet ha-Aravah proved that both adults and children could overcome the health hazards of the torrid climate. In the Israel War of Independence (1948) the completely isolated settlement held out for six months. Eventually the settlers were evacuated by boat to Sodom, at the south end of the Dead Sea. Later its members erected two new settlements in Galilee, kabri and gesher ha-ziv . The Arab Legion completely razed the empty settlement. Its soil again became saline and hardly any vestige of the village could be discerned when Israel forces reached the site in 1967. The following year a Naḥal group set up a new settlement, Naḥal Kallia, in the general vicinity. In 1977 another Naḥal group settled about a mile (2 km.) west of the original settlement. In 1986 it was affiliated with Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad. In 2002 the population of Beit ha-Aravah was 52. The main economic branch was farming, mainly dates, vineyards, and field crops. In addition, the kibbutz operated a food stall at its nearby gas station. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 267; EM, S.V.; Aharoni, Land, 235,302. WEBSITE: . (Efraim Orni)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • betərləşmə — «Betərləşmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • bet*/ — [bet] (past tense past participle bet) verb [I/T] I to risk an amount of money by saying what you think will happen in a race or game Thousands of people bet on the result of the match.[/ex] I bet £10 on each of the horses.[/ex] He bet me £20… …   Dictionary for writing and speaking English

  • Bet El — Basisdaten hebräisch: ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bet — bet1 [bet] n. [prob. aphetic < ABET] 1. an agreement between two persons that the one proved wrong about the outcome of something will do or pay what is stipulated; wager 2. a) the proposition or terms of such an agreement b) the thing or sum… …   English World dictionary

  • Bet — or BET may refer to: * A wager in gambling* Basic Economics Test (BET) *Bet (letter), the second letter in many Semitic alphabets, including Aramaic, Hebrew, Phoenician and Syriac *An abbreviation for the surnames of the researchers who developed …   Wikipedia

  • BET-10 — Дата начала расчёта 19 сентября 1997 года Статус Рассчитывается Биржи Бухарестская фондовая биржа Базовое значение …   Википедия

  • BET — (Heb. ב; בֵּית), second letter of the Hebrew alphabet: a voiced bilabial plosive [b] and voiced labiodental fricative (v) (a positional variant); its numerical value is 2. The earliest form of bet – in the Proto Sinaitic inscriptions – is the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bet-El — (hebräisch „Haus des El“ oder „Haus Gottes“) (aufgrund der Übersetzungstradition auch Bethel genannt) ist ein in der Bibel erwähnter Platz, 17 km nördlich von Jerusalem und 16 km südlich von Silo. Hier soll Jakob auf der Flucht vor Esau im Traum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bet — Ⅰ. bet ► VERB (betting; past and past part. bet or betted) 1) risk money or property against another s on the basis of the outcome of an unpredictable event such as a race or game. 2) informal feel sure. ► NOUN 1) an act of bett …   English terms dictionary

  • Bet — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Bet (desambiguación). Beth Hebreo Fenicio ב …   Wikipedia Español

  • BET — ↑ BET Methode. * * * Bet,   Beth, der zweite Buchstabe des hebräischen Alphabets (geschrieben ). * * * bet <Adj.> [zu frz. bête = Strafeinsatz (beim Kartenspiel), eigtl. Name eines Kartenspiels (bête hombrée)]: nur in den Verbindungen bet… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.